How to start an eCommerce business in India
The e-commerce industry is witnessing a tremendous growth in India backed by increasing smartphone and internet penetration. With further increase in internet service providers and the launch of 3G and 4G services, at affordable prices – the e-commerce and m-commerce industries are set to record even higher growth. In this article, we look at the procedure for starting a successful eCommerce business in India.
Setting up an eCommerce business
Business conducted over the internet is called eCommerce. In recent years, m-commerce or mobile commerce – business conducted through smartphones has become very popular. Currently, there are two main modes to starting an eCommerce business, a proprietary eCommerce website or joining an established marketplace.
Creating a proprietary (own) eCommerce website
Creating a proprietary eCommerce website is one of the hardest methods of starting an eCommerce business. Starting a proprietary eCommerce business requires a web development team, online marketing team and a payment gateway for receiving payments. Starting a proprietary eCommerce website is a long-term initiative and requires a good amount of investment in terms of money and effort to build up a successful business.
Joining an established marketplace
Joining an established marketplace is an easy way to start an eCommerce business or sell products/services online. Joining an e-commerce marketplace as a seller often requires only a bank account and GST registration, making the process easy and simple. Further, on an eCommerce or m-commerce platform aspects such as technology development, marketing, payment gateway, logistics, etc., are taken care of by the marketplace platform, reducing the workload on the seller. In addition, sellers can often join multiple marketplaces and sell their products, making it the easiest way to start an online or eCommerce business.
Some of the popular eCommerce or m-commerce marketplaces are:
The following articles provide more information about selling on popular eCommerce marketplaces:
- How to sell on Flipkart
- How to sell on Snapdeal
- How to sell on Amazon India
- How to sell on PayTM
Legal Formalities for Starting an Ecommerce Business
To start an eCommerce business, proprietary eCommerce website or become a seller on a marketplace, the following registration is required:
Company or LLP Registration
While starting an eCommerce venture it good to have a company or LLP to have limited liability protection and improve the ease of doing business. Having a company or LLP would ensure that the opening of bank accounts in the name of the business or obtaining a GST registration are easy and fast.
Almost all marketplaces allow Proprietorships and Partnership firms to sell on their website. However, there would be no limited liability protection in case of litigation. Hence, it is best to start selling with an LLP or Company.
In case the promoters wish to start a proprietary eCommerce website, then it is best to start with a Company, as it is the only type of entity that can allow for angel funding or equity funding – a must for successful eCommerce ventures.
GST registration is a must for becoming a seller on an eCommerce portal or while starting a proprietary eCommerce website.
Once the Company or LLP is incorporated, a bank account can easily be opened in the name of the business by contacting a Bank. In the case of Proprietorship firm, GST registration must first be obtained to open a bank account in the name of the business. Opening of bank account is essential to list on an eCommerce marketplace or obtain payment gateway for a proprietary eCommerce website.
A payment gateway would be required for a proprietary eCommerce website to process customer payments. The payment gateway provides allow for the website to accept credit card, debit card, net banking, internet banking payments from multiple banks and credit card companies. Therefore, one payment gateway is sufficient to accept many forms of online payments. Once, a payment is received from the customer, the payment is sent to the bank account of the business by the payment gateway provided in one or two business days. Read the article on “how to get a payment gateway” to know more.
In the case of selling through online marketplaces, the marketplace would accept the payment through their payment gateway and credit the money to the bank account of the seller directly. Hence, it does not require a payment gateway and only a bank account is necessary.
If the business sells through online marketplaces, then the legal document or sellers agreement is provided by the marketplace and the seller must abide by the sellers’ agreement. It is important for any business to read the sellers agreements before agreeing to the agreement. You can create the following legal documents required for an eCommerce website easily through IndiaFilings LiveEdit feature on icfo Platform: